PDF | The Gorkha Nepal earthquake caused tremendous damage and loss. To gain valuable lessons from this tragic event. two major earthquakes struck nepal in April and May , affecting around 6 million people. the government called for humanitarian assistance and the. The April 25 earthquake in Nepal and the subsequent aftershocks resulted in impacts of the earthquake, with a focus on cultural diversity pertaining to.
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Worst in 80 years. On 25 April, , a powerful earthquake with a magnitude of struck Nepal with its epicenter 50 miles (80 km) north-west of the capital. rupture of the Gorkha earthquake, Nepal, revealed from ScanSAR‑ High-resolution figures should be provided in the following format; PDF ( preferred. The April Nepal earthquake killed nearly 9, people and injured nearly 22, "Foreigner victims Detail of Earthquake" (PDF). Nepal Police.
Smaller settlements on the outskirts of Langtang were buried during the earthquake, such as Chyamki, Thangsyap, and Mundu.
Twelve locals and two foreigners were believed to have survived. Smaller landslides occurred in the Trishuli River Valley with reports of significant damage at Mailung, Simle, and Archale. Many travelers remained outside as planes were delayed and the airport swelled to capacity. The airport facilities suffered damage and there was no running water or operating toilets for travelers waiting in the airport lounges. Few airport workers were at their posts; most were killed in the earthquake or had to deal with its aftereffects.
Impacts and Insights of the Gorkha Earthquake
As Saturday is the principal day of Christian worship in Nepal, people were reported to have died in the collapses. The northern side of Janaki Mandir in Janakpur was reported to have been damaged.
Some other monuments including the Taleju Bhawani Temple partially collapsed. In Tripureshwar, the Kal Mochan Ghat, a temple inspired by Mughal architecture, was completely destroyed and the nearby Tripura Sundari also suffered significant damage.
In Bhaktapur, several monuments, including the Phasi Deva temple, the Chardham temple and the 17th century Vatsala Durga Temple were fully or partially destroyed. They cannot be restored to their original states. Huge damage was caused to the property and the lives of the people.
Economic loss[ edit ] Road damage in Nepal Concern was expressed that harvests could be reduced or lost this season as people affected by the earthquake would have only a short time to plant crops before the onset of the Monsoon rains. Geological Survey initially estimated economic losses from the tremor at 9 percent to 50 percent of gross domestic product, with a best guess of 35 percent.
These traffickers took advantage of the chaos that resulted from the aftermath of the earthquake. This earthquake occurred along the fault close to the the Koshi Highway which blocked the section of the road between original magnitude Mw 7. As such, it was Bhedetar and Mulghat.
This map shows the magnitude Mw 7.
Tremors earthquake main shock and the distribution of 40 aftershocks of were also felt in northern parts of India including Bihar, Uttar magnitude 4 or larger that occurred over the following 27 hours. As a result of aftershock distribution outlines the rupture zone of the main shock. Seventeen others died in India and one in China. Figure 9 and propagated toward the southeast.
Aftershock sequences follow predictable patterns as a group, although the individual earthquakes are themselves not predictable. The graph shows in Figure 8 how the number of aftershocks and the magnitude of aftershocks decay with increasing time since the main shock. The number of aftershocks also decreases with distance from the main shock. The corresponding spectral acceleration shows interesting feature of peaking between 3 to 7 seconds.
Figure 11 depicts the trend of aftershocks starting from the main shock of ML 7. The chart shows that the magnitude of aftershocks reduces gradually The epicentres of all the aftershocks of Gorkha earthquake were densly distributed within geographical region of Though the epicentre of the main shock was at the western end of the ruptured zone, all subsequent epicentres were recorded towards east of Barpak and most damages had occurred in Sindhupalchowk district which is midway of the epicentre zone.
This indicates that Gorkha earthquake showed strong directivity. The hypocenters of the series of Gorkha earthquake are presented in Figure 13 in the geological cross secton of Nepal Himalayas.
It is noted that the locations of foci are all located in the sub horizontal fault surface of the Main Himalayan Thrust. Department of the Interior U.
Geological Survey to 7. Another interesting feature of Gorkha earthquake and its sequence of aftershocks was that most of the strong quakes above ML 6. Similar trend was observed in Great Japan earthquake earlier.
More researches are to be made to explain the reason for this behavior.
Nepal Earthquake Recovery
Another observation on number of aftershocks during next 24 hours experienced in Gorkha earthquake is shown in Figure This predictive model was found highly useful for the public information during three months of Gorkha earthquake.
Figure 12 Zone of Epicenters of Gorkha Earthquake The seismic energy released by Gorkha earthquake was plotted with dates during the first days of the main shock as shown in Figure The trend of of seismic energy release in logarithmic scale y-axis is quite similar to that of magnitude of aftershocks shown in Figure All the shocks of Gorkha earthquake were shallow with hypocentral depths between 5 km and 30 km as per published data from the USGS as plotte in Figure This is understood as one of the major cause for larger scale damages to ground and structures seriously in 14 districts and less severely in another 14 districts.
In Figure19, the upper plot shows acceleration, middle shows velocity, and bottom shows displacement of the ground, revealing motion due to elastic seismic waves, but also the finite net southern shift of 1.
Several of the churches, temples and monasteries in the Kathmandu valley were destroyed. The collapse of the latter structure killed at least people.
Manakamana Temple in Gorkha district is also destroyed. The northern side of Janaki Mandir in Janakpur was also damaged. Some other monuments, including the Kumari The earthquake of 25th April of was destructive due to both the Temple and the Taleju Bhawani Temple got partially collapsed. The shallow depth 15 km , and the fact that Kathmandu lies in a basin top of the Jaya Bageshwari Temple in Gaushala and some parts of filled with about metres of soft sediment Figure Earthquake waves travel at high velocity through the stiff, been destroyed.
This increases the amplitude of the earthquake waves within Temple, the Hari Shankar, Uma Maheshwar Temple and the the basin fill. In addition, the sharp density contrast of the soft basin Machhindranath Temple in Bungamati were destroyed by the quake.
This extends the duration of Mughal architecture, was completely destroyed and the nearby shaking during the earthquake. Tripura Sundari also suffered significant damage.
In Bhaktapur, several monuments, including the Fasi Deva temple, the Chardham temple and the Vatsala Durga Temple of 17th century were fully or partially destroyed. The north eastern parts of India also received major damage. Heavy shocks were felt including the states Uttrakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and many other states. A huge damage was caused to the property and the lives of the people. Figure 20 to Figure 23 shows images of different damages in the earthquake.
Apart from damages to heritage and historical monuments, a Figure 18 Soil Condition of Kathmandu large number of houses have collapsed.
Geological Survey. GEER, Version 1. Figure 21 Damages of superstructures globalnews.
Sujan Malla, Dr. The earthquake activity in Nepal is caused by the ongoing continental collision between Indo-Australian plate and Eurasian plates. Earthquake was first recorded in Nepal on June 7th, AD where one third of the total population in Kathmandu was killed by a 7. Recently on Saturday April 25th, a magnitude Mw 7.RTE News, Ireland. Because of their funding connections within the UN, they were connected to an international open data system that responded quickly and enthusiastically to their bulletins.
Health Cluster response to the Nepal earthquake
The Moscow Times. There was a landslip on 11 June that claimed 53 lives.
Indian Railway provides one lakh 'rail neer' bottles as relief". In addition, some surprising uses also emerged. Several of the churches, temples and monasteries in the Kathmandu valley were destroyed. Data from the UN was machine-readable, but not fully open. In other cases QuakeMap.
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